Vulcan and the god Hephaestus
Vulcano island, starting with its name, is closely linked to myth of god Hephaestus, identified by Romans with the god Vulcan.
The god Hephaestus is the deity of fire forging the most precious and powerful weapons used by gods and heroes of Greek mythology.
The historian Thucydides, in his narratives on the first Athenian expedition against the Aeolus Islands, places the workshop of Hephaestus on the island of Iera, the ancient Vulcan: "the people of those places believe that in Iera Vulcan exercises the art of blacksmithing because she sees herself sending out a great fire at night and smoke during the day."
The poet and Hellenistic philologist Callimachus, on the other hand, in his hymn to Artemis places the forges of Hephaestus and his Cyclops in Meligunis, today's Lipari. He describes the Cyclopes as the monstrous assistants of the God of Fire, intent on forging a trough for Poseidon's horses.